Historical Events for 12th July 2024

1898 – Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda, Sudan
1949 – Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
1949 – 16th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-7 at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn
1960 – USSR’s Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
1960 – Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
1968 – Couve de Murville forms government in France
1973 – A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States
1994 – 65th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-8 at Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh
1996 – Start of 1st “Super 8’s” tournament in Kuala Lumpur
2011 – 82nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Chase Field, Phoenix

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Historical Events for 11th July 2024

1302 – Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) near Kortrijk, Belgium: Flemish coalition defeat the French army of Philip IV
1346 – Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
1656 – The first Quakers to land in America (Boston), Englishwomen Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, are arrested and jailed by the Puritan colonial government. After 5 years imprisonment they are deported back to Barbados
1859 – Big Ben’s second and current bell first chimes from inside the Clock Tower
1863 – Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
1955 – Congress authorizes all US currency to say “In God We Trust”
1988 – Mike Tyson hires Donald Trump as an advisor
2000 – 71st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-3 at Turner Field, Atlanta
2012 – Police academy suicide bombing kills 20 in Sana’a, Yemen
2019 – Last models of Volkswagen’s Beetle car are produced in Pueblo, Mexico, ending production worldwide after 80 years

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Historical Events for 10th July 2024

988 – The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey
1796 – Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers
1923 – All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
1928 – Senator Milt Gaston hurls record tying 14-hit shutout
1934 – 1st sitting US President to visit South America, FDR in Colombia
1947 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee
1990 – All star MVP: Julio Franco (Texas Rangers)
2000 – Coldplay release their debut album “Parachutes” (Grammy Award Best Alternative Album 2002)
2005 – Senior Players Championship Men’s Golf, TPC of Michigan: Peter Jacobsen wins his second Champions Tour major title by 1 stroke from Hale Irwin
2019 – Kawhi Leonard signs with the Los Angeles Clippers to a reported three-year, $103 million contract

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Historical Events for 9th July 2024

1386 – Battle at Sempach: Swiss beat Duke Leopold III of Austria
1776 – US Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington’s troops in New York
1939 – A meeting of 6,000 Indians, held at the Indian Sports Ground in Johannesburg South Africa, launch the Passive Resistance Campaign against apartheid and racial policy in South Africa
1957 – 24th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-6 at Sportsman’s Park, St Louis
1963 – 34th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-3 at Municipal Stadium, Cleveland
1973 – 9th Maccabiah games opens in Tel Aviv, Israel
1975 – The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that paves way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system
1979 – Voyager 2 flies past Jupiter
2006 – Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Roger Federer wins 4th straight Wimbledon title beating Rafael Nadal of Spain 6-0, 7-6, 6-7, 6-3
2022 – Thousands of Sri Lankan protesters storm the Presidential Palace and set the PM’s house on fire in Colombo, leading to promises both will resign amid continuing economic turmoil

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Historical Events for 8th July 2024

1849 – St Paul’s Place in the Bronx named
1902 – Baltimore manager John McGraw is accused by AL President Ban Johnson of trying to wreck the Orioles and Washington Senators; negotiates his release from the Orioles, having already signed with NY Giants
1913 – Alfred Carlton Gilbert’s patent for the Erector Set is issued, it becomes one of the most popular toys of all time
1939 – Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: American Alice Marble wins her only Wimbledon singles title beating Kay Stammers of England 6-2, 6-0
1943 – Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler
1944 – British troops march into Caen, Normandy
1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico
1988 – Miami Arena opens in Miami, Florida
2014 – Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu instructs his defence forces to “take their gloves off” against Hamas and to take any means necessary to “restore peace” to Israeli citizens
2023 – Airstrike on Sudanese district of Omdurman by the Sudanese army kills at least 22 people including women and children

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Historical Events for 7th July 2024

1124 – Tyrus surrenders to Crusaders
1534 – European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick
1892 – Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia
1942 – Germany troop march into Woronezj
1949 – Musical revue “Cabatgata (A Night in Spain)” opens at the Broadway Theatre, NYC; runs for 76 performances
1950 – British Open Men’s Golf, Royal Troon: Bobby Locke of South Africa retains title by 2 strokes from Roberto De Vicenzo of Argentina
1954 – British runner Jim Peters, 17 minutes ahead of any rival, collapses on the final stadium lap of the Commonwealth Games marathon in Vancouver
1973 – Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Czech Jan Kodeš beats Alex Metreveli of Russia 6-1, 9-8, 6-3 for his 3rd Grand Slam singles success
1980 – Jineane Ford of Arizona replaces Shawn Weatherly (Miss Universe) as the 29th Miss USA
1983 – 11-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR

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Historical Events for 6th July 2024

1484 – Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of the Congo River
1621 – Dutch governor general John Pieterszoon Coen takes Banda islands, 15,000 die
1853 – National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends
1892 – Dadabhai Naoroji elected as first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain
1905 – Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time
1907 – Tom Reece takes 5 weeks to compile the highest recorded billiards break in a match (499,135) in London, his ‘cradle’ cannon method is soon banned
1932 – 1st class postage back up to 3 cents from 2 cents
1941 – New York Yankees team unveils a monument to former captain Lou Gehrig in center field at Yankee Stadium; the future Hall of Famer died the previous month
1949 – Freak heat wave sent central coast of Portugal to 158°F for 2 minutes
1986 – 100th Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Germany’s Boris Becker successfully defends his title beating Ivan Lendl 6-4, 6-3, 7-5

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Historical Events for 5th July 2024

1803 – The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king)
1943 – Battle of Gulf of Kula
1961 – KUSD TV channel 2 in Vermillion, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 – Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: In an all-Australian final Rod Laver beats John Newcombe 6-4, 5-7, 6-4, 6-4 for the 3rd leg of his Grand Slam
1989 – Barry Bonds homers in Pittsburgh’s 6-4 loss vs SF Giants, joining father Bobby Bonds as MLB father-son HR record holders (408)
1991 – MLB owners approve Colorado Rockies and Florida Marlins as new NL franchises to start play in 1993
1998 – Toronto Blue Jays pitcher Roger Clemens collects his 3,000th career strikeout in 2-1 win vs Tampa Bay (11th to achieve milestone)
2008 – Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Venus Williams successfully defends her title beating younger sister Serena 7-5, 6-4
2019 – Second stronger earthquake in Southern California at 7.1 magnitude centered near Ridgecrest
2022 – Amid Greater Sydney’s fourth major flood in 18 months, the Australian government declares a natural disaster as 45,000 people threatened with evacuation orders

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Historical Events for 4th July 2024

1672 – States of Holland declares “Eternal Edict” void
1782 – William Petty becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain following the death of Charles Watson-Wentworth
1911 – Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh halts Ty Cobb’s 40-game hitting streak as Cobb goes 0 for 4 in a 7-3 win over Detroit Tigers at Bennett Park
1920 – The provisional government of Siberia’s Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
1942 – US air offensive against Nazi Germany begins
1942 – 1st American bombing missions over Nazi Germany-occupied Europe (WWII)
1953 – Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rákosi as premier of Hungary
1964 – Beachboys’ “I Get Around” reaches #1
1992 – John Phillips, rocker (Mamas and Papas), undergoes a liver transplant
2006 – Richard Branson sells Virgin Mobile to NTL for £962.4 million

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Historical Events for 3rd July 2024

1861 – Colonel Jackson receives his commission as brigadier general
1907 – Pope decree forbids modernization of theology
1936 – Wimbledon Men’s Tennis: Home favourite Fred Perry beats Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-1, 6-1, 6-0 for his third straight Wimbledon singles title
1946 – 1st Dutch government of Louis Beel forms
1963 – In New Zealand, a National Airways Corporation Dakota DC-3 crashes in the Kaimai Ranges; all 23 passengers and crew are killed in New Zealand’s worst internal civil aviation accident
1981 – NYC transit fare rises from 60 cents to 75 cents, new brass Y-cut-out token
1994 – US Senior Open Men’s Golf, Pinehurst Resort: South African Simon Hobday wins by 1 stroke from Graham Marsh of Australia and Jim Albus
2001 – At a meeting of its oil ministers, OPEC agrees to maintain current production quotas; ministers indicate that, if Iraqi oil returns to the market, they may cut production in response to maintain their desired level of prices
2015 – Adelaide Crows Australian Rules Football coach Phil Walsh is murdered by his son Cy at his Somerton Park home
2019 – US produces the most waste per head globally and recycles the least at 35% according to new research by Verisk Maplecroft, Germany recycles the most at 68%

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