Today in History for 1st March 2024

Historical Events

1847 – Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
1946 – Panama accepts its new constitution
1970 – End of US commercial whale hunting
1984 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR #3931 Batten, #4529 Webern, #4530 Smoluchowski, #4818 Elgar, #5502 Brashear and #5943 Lovi
1991 – US Embassy in Kuwait officially reopens
2023 – At least 1000 Iranian school girls exposed to toxic gas attacks, since November, amid accusations they are an attempt to close schools after girls participated in recent anti-government protests

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Famous Birthdays

1432 – Isabel of Coimbra, Queen of Portugal (d. 1455)
1734 – Pieter Valck, Dutch artist and sculptor (d. 1783)
1822 – Albin Francisco Schoepf, Polish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Podgórze, Kraków, Poland (d. 1886)
1837 – William Dean Howells, American novelist, critic and editor (Atlantic), born in Martinsville, Ohio (d. 1920)
1920 – Howard Nemerov, American poet, two-time US Poet Laureate and novelist (Blue Swallows), born in New York City (d. 1991)
1956 – Timothy Daly, American actor (Joe-Wings, Diner, Made in Heaven), born in Sufferin, New York

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Famous Deaths

1510 – Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier, explorer and 1st Viceroy of India dies at Table Bay, Africa at about 59
1826 – Friedrich Weinbrenner, German architect, dies at 59
1906 – Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), dies at 68
1928 – Jacob Adolf Hägg, Swedish composer, dies at 77
1980 – Dixie Dean, English soccer striker (16 caps; Everton), dies from a heart attack at 73
1991 – Scott Huston, American composer, dies at 74

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Today in History for 29th February 2024

Historical Events

1720 – Queen Ulrica Eleonora of Sweden resigns
1768 – Polish nobleman Casimir Pulaski joins the Bar Confederation to defend the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth against Russian influence
1948 – Stern-group bomb on Cairo-Haifa train kills 27 British soldiers
1968 – US end regular flights with nuclear bombs
1980 – Future Hockey Hall of Fame right wing Gordie Howe scores in the 3rd period to become first NHL player to score 800 career goals as Hartford Whalers beat St. Louis Blues, 3-0 at Springfield Civic Center
1980 – Michael Bracey ends 59 h 55 m trapped in an elevator, England

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Famous Birthdays

1860 – Herman Hollerith, American inventor (1st electric tabulating machine), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1929)
1924 – David Beattie, New Zealand judge, Governor-General of NZ (1980-85), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2001)
1944 – Ene Ergma, Estonian politician
1952 – Raúl González, Mexican racewalker (Olympic gold 50k 1984; WR 1978 3:45:52 and 3:41:20), born in China, Nuevo León, Mexico
1956 – (Jonathan) “Jono” Coleman, British-Australian television and radio, writer, and comedian, born in Hackney, England (d. 2021)
1980 – Clinton Toopi, New Zealand rugby league centre (22 Tests; Auckland Warriors, Leeds Rhinos), born in Stratford, New Zealand

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Famous Deaths

1592 – Alessandro Striggio, Italian composer (b. 1540)
1744 – John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British natural philosopher and freemason, dies at 60
1968 – Lena Blackburne, American baseball infielder, manager, coach (Chicago White Sox; discovered rubbing clay to take the shine off baseballs), dies at 81
2012 – Davy Jones, British singer and actor (The Monkees – “Daydream Believer”), dies from heart attack at 66
2020 – Éva Székely, Hungarian swimmer (Olympic gold 200m breaststroke 1952; silver 1956; first WR 400m individual medley 1953), dies at 92
2020 – Bill Roe, American sports executive (President USA Track and Field 2000-2008), dies at 69

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Today in History for 28th February 2024

Historical Events

1787 – The charter establishing the institution now known as the University of Pittsburgh is granted
1844 – 6th Grand National: John Crickmere wins aboard 5/1 co-favourite Discount
1944 – Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
1967 – A West German court rules that impostor Anna Anderson failed to prove that she was missing Russian duchess Anastasia Romanov, ending a legal case that lasted almost 30 years
1988 – British television programme “That’s Life!” surprises guest Nicholas Winton with an audience full of grown-up children that he saved from German-occupied Czechoslovakia, bringing them to safety in the UK
1995 – Denver International Airport opens

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Famous Birthdays

1261 – Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)
1915 – Peter Medawar, British biologist (1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance”), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1987)
1933 – Miro Steržaj, Slovenian 9-pin bowler
1951 – Karsan Ghavri, cricketer (Indian lefty medium pacer early 80s)
1954 – Brian Billick, American football coach
1974 – Michael Manasseri, actor (License to Drive)

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Famous Deaths

1525 – Cuauhtémoc, the last Aztec Emperor (1520-21), tortured and killed by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés
1964 – Gus Lesnevich, American light heavyweight boxing champ (1947 fighter of year), dies at 49
1979 – Paul Alverdes, German writer (Pfeiferstube), dies at 81
1994 – Pu Yi, brother of last Chinese emperor, Pu Yi, dies at 87
2015 – Ezra Laderman, American composer (Jacob and the Indians), dies at 90
2017 – Leoncjusz Ciuciura, Polish classical composer (Spirals), dies at 86

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Today in History for 27th February 2024

Historical Events

1827 – 1st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans
1943 – The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
1974 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1981 – Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder record the single “Ebony and Ivory”
1992 – Larry Smith named 9th Commissioner of the CFL
2005 – 77th Academy Awards: “Million Dollar Baby”, Jamie Foxx, and Hilary Swank win

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Famous Birthdays

272 – Constantine the Great, Emperor of Rome (306-37) who adopted Christianity, born in Naissus (d. 337)
1899 – Charles Best, American-Canadian medical scientist and co-discoverer of insulin, born in West Pembroke, Maine (d. 1978)
1901 – Horatio Luro, American horse trainer (43 x stakes winners; Decidedly, Northern Dancer), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1991)
1933 – Geoffrey Maitland Smith, CEO (Sears)
1933 – Edward Lucie-Smith, British poet and poetry critic, born in Kingston, Jamaica
1942 – Michel Forget, French Canadian actor, born in Montreal, Quebec

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Famous Deaths

1844 – Nicholas Biddle, US lawyer/diplomat/statesman/financier, dies at 85
1921 – Schofield Haigh, English cricket fast bowler (11 Tests, 24 wickets, BB 6/11; Yorkshire CCC), dies from a stroke at 49
1958 – Harry Cohn, CEO (Columbia Pictures), dies of a heart attack
1994 – Harold Acton, English-Italian historian and art collector, dies at 84
2008 – Myron Cope, American sports broadcaster (b. 1929)
2023 – Ricou Browning, American film stuntman (Creature from the Black Lagoon), stunt co-ordinator (Thunderball), director, and producer (Flipper), dies at 93

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Today in History for 26th February 2024

Historical Events

1773 – State of Pennsylvania approves construction of Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia; it will become the first experiment with the practice of solitary confinement in the United States
1935 – RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging) first demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt
1971 – Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers shot and killed by the Irish Republican Army while on mobile patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast, North Ireland
2012 – 61st NBA All-Star Game, Amway Centre, Orlando, FL: West beats East, 152-149; MVP: Kevin Durant, OKC Thunder, F
2018 – Global Seed Vault in Svalbard, Norway, receives its 1 millionth seed on its 10 year anniversary
2023 – Dilbert comic strip creator Scott Adams faces widespread condemnation for his comments about African Americans in a YouTube show, prompting his strip and up-coming book to be cancelled

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Famous Birthdays

1717 – John Randall, British organist and hymn composer, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1799)
1861 – Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1948)
1887 – Benegal Narsing Rau, Indian lawyer and civil servant, President of UN Security Council (1950), helped draft India’s constitution, born in Mangalore, India (d. 1953)
1958 – Greg Germann, American actor, born in Houston, Texas
1981 – Johnathan Wendel, American professional video gamer, born in Kansas City, Kansas
1984 – Natalia Lafourcade, Mexican singer, born in Mexico City

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Famous Deaths

1538 – Worp van Thabor, Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae), dies
1906 – Manuel Fernandez Caballero, Spanish composer, dies at 70
1941 – Jan Keizer, Zaanse February striker, shot to death
1972 – Tom Manders, Dutch cabaret artist (Dorus), dies at 50
1973 – Doc Hayes, American basketball coach (Southern Methodist University 1947-67), dies in an auto accident at 67
2008 – John Yates, Anglican bishop (Bishop of Lambeth), dies at 82

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Today in History for 25th February 2024

Historical Events

1623 – Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria becomes monarch of Palts
1921 – The Living Buddha, Hutuktu, is crowned King of Mongolia as the country declares independence from China
1964 – Muhammad Ali [Cassius Clay] wins his first world heavyweight boxing title when Sonny Liston fails to come out for round 7 at the Convention Center, Miami Beach
1996 – “Father” closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 52 performances
1998 – Pamela Lee has husband Tommy Lee arrested on battery charges
2017 – Tom Perez is elected Chair of the Democratic National Committee

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Famous Birthdays

1398 – Xuande, 5th Ming Emperor of China (1425-35) (d. 1435)
1940 – George Paul, CEO (Norwich Union Insurance Group)
1954 – Steve Rixon, Australian cricket wicket-keeper (1977-85)
1957 – Stuart “Woody” Wood, Scottish pop guitarist (Bay City Rollers – “Saturday Night”), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
1962 – Birgit Fischer, German kayaker (Olympic 4 x gold GDR 1988; 5 x gold FRG 1992, 96, 2000, 04; World C’ship gold x 17 GDR, 10 x FRG), born in Brandenburg an der Havel, Germany
1970 – Dave Brown, NFL quarterback (NY Giants)

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Famous Deaths

1850 – Daoguang, 7th Emperor of Qing Dynasty, dies at 67
1964 – Alexander Archipenko, Ukrainian-American sculptor and water colors painter, dies at 76
1992 – John E Allen Jr, actor (1 2 3), dies
1998 – Luigi Veronesi, Italian abstract artist (Campo Grafico), dies at 90
2005 – Peter Benenson, Britsh founder of Amnesty International, dies at 83
2018 – Penny Vincenzi [Hannaford], British novelist (An Absolute Scandal, Spoils of Time trilogy), dies at 78

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Today in History for 24th February 2024

Historical Events

1855 – US Court of Claims forms for cases against government
1857 – 1st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government
1920 – NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
1938 – Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles
1968 – Gary Unger begins NHL consecutive game record of 914 games
1980 – US ice hockey team clinches gold medal with 4-2 win over Finland at the Lake Placid Winter Olympics; comes after 4-3 “Miracle on Ice” victory against hot favorite Soviet Union

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Famous Birthdays

1885 – Bert Lytell, American actor (One Man’s Family), born in New York City (d. 1954)
1939 – George Bain, principal (London Business School)
1951 – Derek Randall, English cricket batsman (47 Tests, 7 x 100, HS 174; Nottinghamshire CCC, Suffolk CCC), born in Retford, England
1968 – John Velddman, soccer player (Sparta)
1970 – Jonathan Ward, American actor (Doug-Charles in Charge; Beans Baxter), born in Baltimore, Maryland
1973 – Chris Fehn, American heavy metal percussionist (Slipknot, 1998-2019), born in Des Moines, Iowa

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Famous Deaths

1975 – Nikolai A Bulganin, Soviet-Russian marshal and 6th Premier of the Soviet Union (1955-58), dies at 79
1986 – Rukmini Devi Arundale (née Sastri), Indian dancer, educator (co-founder of Kalakshetra Academy), politician (Member or Parliament, 1952-62), and animal rights activist, dies at 81
1997 – Isabelle Harriet Lucas, Canadian-born British actress and singer (Outland, Comics), dies at 69
2006 – Octavia E. Butler, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Wild Seed), dies at 58
2020 – Ben Cooper, American western actor (The Rose Tattoo; Outcast; Arizona Raiders), dies at 86
2021 – Peter Ostroushko, American fiddler, mandolin player, and composer (A Prairie Home Companion), dies of heart failure at 67

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Today in History for 23rd February 2024

Historical Events

1792 – Joseph Haydn’s 94th Symphony in G premieres
1943 – German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
1945 – US Marines raise American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Pulitzer Prize winning photo of which by Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture
1975 – In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
1986 – Despite losing, Boston Red Sox Wade Boggs gets largest arbitration in MLB history, $1.35M
1992 – The Socialist Labour Party is founded in Georgia

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Famous Birthdays

1417 – Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1471)
1700 – Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity), born in Winschoten (d. 1750)
1904 – William L. Shirer, American journalist and historian (Rise and Fall of 3rd Reich), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1993)
1914 – Mike Tresh, American baseball catcher (MLB All Star 1945; Chicago White Sox), born in Hazleton, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
1922 – Bill Chappell Jr., American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1969-89), born in Kendrick, Florida (d. 1989)
1983 – Emily Blunt, English-American actress (The Girl on the Train, The Quiet Place), born in London

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Famous Deaths

1011 – Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz
1464 – Zhu Qizhen, Chinese Emperor Yingzong of Ming (1435-49 and 1457-64), dies at 36 but not before giving an order to end the practice of burying alive concubines and palace maids so that they could follow emperors to the next world
1669 – Lieuwe van Aitzema, Dutch historian (Matters of State and War), dies at 68
1976 – L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes, dies at 88
1996 – Freddie Stocks, cricket (cent on debut and wkt on 1st ball, Notts), dies
1998 – Philip Abbott, American character actor (The FBI, Sweet Bird of Youth), dies at 73

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Today in History for 22nd February 2024

Historical Events

1882 – The Serbian kingdom is refounded.
1906 – Black evangelist William J Seymour arrives in Los Angeles, California
1922 – London issues a unilateral declaration of Egyptian independence
1979 – Billy Martin named manager of Oakland A’s
2003 – Pakistani pace bowler Shoaib Akhtar bowls the fastest ball recorded in cricket history at 100.2 mph (161.3 km/h)
2014 – Viktor Yanukovych is ousted as President of Ukraine by the parliament following the Euromaidan revolution

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Famous Birthdays

1881 – Joseph B. Ely, American politician (d. 1956)
1920 – Del Wood [Adelaide Hazelwood], American country musician, born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1989)
1929 – Rebecca Schull [Wattenberg], American actress (Wings, United 93), born in New York City
1949 – Olga Morozova, Russian tennis player, born in Moscow, Soviet Union
1962 – Lenda Murray, American body builder (4X Ms Olympia), born in Detroit, Michigan
1962 – Mark Arm [McLaughlin], American grunge rock singer-songwriter, (Green River; Mudhoney), born at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

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Famous Deaths

1213 – Wibert of Gembloers, benediction/writer/abbot of Gembloers, dies
1849 – Alexander Fesca, German pianist and composer, dies at 28
1960 – Paul-Émile Borduas, Canadian abstract painter, dies at 54
1983 – Christina E “Christine” Auwen, singer and wife of John Kelly, dies at 75
1993 – Pieter A H Bos, Dutch lawyer/procureur-general (Aruba), dies at 63
2009 – Günter Kochan, German composer, dies at 78

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Today in History for 21st February 2024

Historical Events

1440 – The Prussian Confederation is formed
1911 – Gustav Mahler conducts his last concerto, Berceuse élégiaque, in New York City
1982 – “Little Me” closes at Eugene O’Neill Theater NYC after 36 performances
1993 – Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.15 m)
1995 – RAF-pilot Jo Salter is 1st woman to fly in a tornado
1997 – NASA’s STS 82 (Space Shuttle Discovery 22) lands

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Famous Birthdays

1880 – Frank Orth, American actor (Boston Blackie, Brothers), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1962)
1887 – Savielly Tartakower, Austrian-Polish-French chess player, born in Rostov-on-Don, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
1925 – Al Fann, American actor (Alvin-He’s the Mayor), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2018)
1949 – Jerry Harrison, American rock keyboardist and guitarist (Talking Heads; solo “Rev It Up”), and record producer (Kenny Wayne Shepherd; Bo-Deans; The String Cheese Incident), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
1958 – Steve Nieve [Nason], British session and touring keyboard player and composer (Elvis Costello), born in Bishop’s Stortford, England
1970 – Marc Woodard, American NFL linebacker (Philadelphia Eagles), born in Kosciusko, Mississippi

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Famous Deaths

1846 – Emperor Ninko, 120th Emperor of Japan (1817-46), dies at 45
1918 – Neltje Blanchan, American nature writer, dies at 52
1919 – Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and feminist, only woman awarded Medal of Honor (US Civil War), dies at 86
1941 – Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, dies in a plane crash at 49
1985 – Ina Claire [Fagan], American stage and screen actress (Ninotchika), dies of a heart attack at 91
1993 – Dick White, British intelligence officer (Director General of MI5 1953–1956; Head of the Secret Intelligence Service 1956–1968), dies at 86

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