1485 – Battle of Bosworth Field: Henry Tudor’s forces defeat English King Richard III during last battle in the Wars of the Roses. Richard is killed, the last English monarch to die in battle.
1791 – Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
1917 – Pittsburgh Pirates play 4th straight extra inning game; left fielder Carson Bigbee sets MLB record of 11 at-bats in 22 inning, 6-5 loss to Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field
1950 – Althea Gibson becomes 1st black competitor in a US national tennis competition
1950 – Rotterdam dock strike ends
1971 – J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell announce the arrest of 20 of the “Camden 28”.
1986 – “Stand By Me” film based on the novella by Stephen King, directed by Rob Reiner starring Wil Wheaton, River Phoenix, Corey Feldman, and Jerry O’Connell is released
2004 – Justine Henin of Belgium wins the women’s singles tennis gold medal at the Athens Olympics 6-3, 6-3 over Amélie Mauresmo of France
2017 – Missouri Governor Eric Greitens grants stay of execution for Marcellus Williams in light of possible new DNA eividence
2019 – Bielefeld in Germany offers €1m prize to anyone in who can prove the town doesn’t exit to disprove 25-year-old conspiracy theory